AASHTO Designation: M Release: Group 3 (August ). American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials North Capitol Street. Find the most up-to-date version of AASHTO M at Engineering AASHTO M Standard Specification for Performance-Graded Asphalt Binder. standard by American Association of State and Highway Transportation.

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The two types are Rapid-Curing and Medium-Curing.

Asphalt Binder Specification Tests

Compare the failure stress aahsto T to the calculated induced thermal stress as per PP The asphalt binder shall be at least Does not address low temperature properties. Figure 1 shows an example of thermal cracking in asphalt pavements. Work done under the NCHRP research project used the time sweep test to apply sufficient cycles to induce damage, but the amount of time required to perform the test was a problem.

The mean failure strength value determined at a standard strain rate of 3 percent per minute is used along with BBR data to determine critical cracking temperature as described next.

Inthe U. The average non-recoverable strain for the creep and recovery cycles is divided by the applied stress for those cycles to yield the non-recoverable creep m230, Jnr. This parameter is measured after a relatively small number of load cycles and the non-linear behavior or damage is not apparent.

Depending on the type, several combinations of tests can be required to verify adherence to specification. If the creep stiffness is between and MPa, the direct tension failure strain requirement can be used in lieu of the creep stiffness requirement.

Same combination of tests as the PG verification with MP1a analysis with the addition of additional test temperatures. Load induced and thermal cycling fatigue cracking will be included in the future versions of this practice.


Grading designations are related to the average seven-day maximum pavement design and minimum pavement design temperatures. Sang-Soo Kim, simulates thermal cracking and allows the determination of a cracking temperature. Emulsions can also be cationic and anionic. The critical cracking aashot T cr is the temperature where the thermal stress is equal to the strength of aasyto asphalt binder.

A high response value indicates a significant elastic component. This article summarizes some of the latest developments in refining the PG asphalt binder system.

Low-temperature cracking, while found in most of the states, is more ubiquitous in ashto northern latitudes, such as the colder climates of North America and Canada. Improved high-temperature performance predictions The use of polymer-modified asphalts to reduce pavement rutting has grown steadily since the late s.

The calculation practice only considers single-event thermal cracking phenomenon as explained in the previous section.

Refining Superpave asphalt binder characterization

Superpave Superior Performing Asphalt Pavements was a product of that research effort. Although Superpave was a significant improvement over earlier approaches, one of the concerns was that it was based primarily on unmodified asphalts. Upon completion of SHRP research ina set of performance-related specifications were developed for asphalt binders as well as mixtures.

This series of tests will provide confirmation of performance grade for submittal to state agencies or for in-house quality checks. The principle difference between AASHTO M aadhto MP1a is that MP1a incorporates a mechanistically based criterion to define low temperature performance of asphalt binders, whereas M uses empirical parameters related to performance.

Of the low-temperature test methods, the DT was the most challenging to design. Two parameters are obtained from D BBR for use in the specification.


A well-performing road is one that provides a safe and comfortable ride over its design life. Specific requirements shall be aashtp part of the purchase contract.

This shrinkage causes thermal stresses and when these stresses exceed the tensile strength of the mixture, a low temperature crack forms. So, more recent efforts have been geared to developing accelerated fatigue procedures. Fundamental relationships are then obtained between the binder and the hot-mix asphalt and provide an input to pavement performance models.

Asphalt Binder Specification Tests – Asphalt InstituteAsphalt Institute

The ultimate goal is to build better roads. In the Koch survey referred to above, it was found that 40 of the 51 transportation agencies have determined that the quality of asphalt binders has improved as a result of using the new test methods specified in the AASHTO M and MP1a specifications.

Aahto terminology would also be changed to move away from increasing the high temperature designation. This requirement may be waived at the discretion of the specifying agency if the supplier warrants that the asphalt binder can be adequately pumped and mixed at temperatures that meet all k320 safety standards.

Both neat unmodified and modified binders were tested in the development of the MSCR test. Same combination of tests as the PG Verification with additional test temperatures. The above BBR and DT test methods have been previously used in one form or another to characterize various materials including asphalt binder.

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