Overview, One of over Bible commentaries freely available, this work deals with two of the most important books of the New Testament. Hebrews Overview, One of over Bible commentaries freely available, this work deals with two of the most important books of the New Testament. Hebrews 12 Commentary, One of over Bible commentaries freely available, this work deals with two of the most important books of the New Testament.
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The Excellency of Faith. Ere we a.w.pino up the contents of the 11th chapter let us briefly review the sound already covered. Chapters 1,2are more or less introductory in their character. In them the wondrous person of the God-man Mediator is presented to our view, as superior to a.wpink O.
The first main division of the Epistle commences at Hebrews 3: The second principal division begins with Hebrews 5: The closing chapter forms a conclusion to the Epistle. The exhortation proposed is to constancy and perseverance in the faith of the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the profession of the Gospel, against temptations and persecutions. Both these the Hebrews had to conflict with in their profession; the one from the Judaical church-state itself, the other from the members of it.
Their temptations to draw back and forsake their profession, arose from the consideration of the Judaical church-state and Mosaic ordinances of worship, which they were called hebrewws the Gospel to relinquish.
The Divine institution of that state, with its worship, the solemnity of the covenant whereon it was established, the glory of its priesthood, sacrifices and other Divine ordinances Romans 9: And the trial was very great, after the inconsistency of the two states was made manifest. This gave occasion to the whole doctrinal part of the Epistle, the exposition of which, by Divine grace and assistance, we have passed through.
For therein declaring the nature, use, end, and signification of all Divine institutions under the O. This arose from the opposition which befell them, and from the persecutions of all sorts that they had endured, and were still like to undergo, for their faith in Christ Jesus with the profession thereof, and observance of the holy worship ordained in the Gospel.
This they suffered from the obstinate members of the Jewish church, as they did the other temptation from the state of that church itself. An account hereof the apostle enters upon in the close of the foregoing chapter; and withal declares unto them the only way and means on their part, whereby they may be preserved, and kept constant in their profession notwithstanding all the evils that might befall them therein, and this is by faith alone.
From their temptations they were delivered by the doctrine of the truth, and from the opposition made unto them, by faith in exercise” John Owen. The particular character of the section begun at Hebrews This is at once evident in the “Let us” of Hebrews Nothing but real faith in the veracity of the Promiser can sustain the heart and prompt to steady endurance during a protracted season of trial and suffering.
Hence in Hebrews The central design of this chapter is to evidence the patience of those who, in former ages, endured by faith before they received the fulfillment of God’s promises: He had quoted the testimony of Habakkukwho says that the just lives by faith; he now shows what remained to be proved—that faith can be no more separated from patience than from itself.
The order then of what he says is this: The principles of the apostle’s exhortation are plainly these: It is only they who persevere in believing that obtain the salvation of the soul. Nothing but a persevering faith can enable a person, through a constant continuance in well-doing, and a patient, humble submission to the will of God, to obtain that glory, honor, and immortality which the Gospel promises.
Nothing but a persevering faith can do this; and a persevering faith can do it, as is plain from what it has done in former ages” John Brown. The order of thought followed by the apostle in Hebrews 11 was ably and helpfully set forth by an early Puritan: An illustration or declaration of that description, by a large rehearsal of manifold examples of ancient and worthy men in the Old Testament: The description of faith consists of three actions or effects of faith, set down in three several verses.
The first effect is that faith makes things which are not but only are hoped forafter a sort, to subsist and to be present with the believer: The second effect is that faith makes a believer approved of God: The third effect is that faith makes a man understand and believe things incredible to sense and reason” Win.
The opening “Now” has almost the force of “for,” denoting a farther confirmation of what had just been declared.
At the close of chapter 10 the apostle had just affirmed that the saving of the soul is obtained through believing, whereupon he now takes occasion to show what faith is and does.
That faith can, and does, preserve the soul, prompting to steadfastness under all sorts of trials and issuing in salvation, may not only be argued from the effects which is its very nature to produce, but is illustrated and demonstrated by one example after another, cited in the verses which follow.
It is important to bear in mind at the outset that Hebrews 11 is an amplification and exemplification of Hebrews The thing described is Faith; the description is this: The description is proper, according to the rules of art: The acts of faith are two: Think it not strange that I call them Actsfor that.
There is a great deal of difference between the acts of faith and the effects of faith. The effects of faith are reckoned up throughout this chapter; the formal acts of faith are in this verse. These acts are suited with their objects. As the matters of belief are yet to come, faith gives them a substance, a being, as they are hidden from the eyes of sense and carnal reason; faith also gives them an evidence, and doth convince men of the worth of them; so that one of these acts belongs to the understanding, the other to the will” Thos.
The contents of verse 1do not furnish so much a formal definition of faith, as they supply a terse description of how it operates and what it produces. Faith, whether natural or spiritual, is the belief of a testimony.
Here, faith is believing the testimony of God. How it operates in reference to a.pink subjects of this testimony, whether they be considered simply as future, or as both invisible and future, and the effects produced in and on the soul, the Holy Spirit here explains. First, He tells us that “faith is the substance of things hoped for. The margin of the A.
The Greek word is “hypostasis” and is rendered “confident” should be “this confidence of boasting,” as in Bag. Personally, the writer believes it has a double force, so will seek to expound it a.w.link. Thus it becomes the ground of expectation. The Word of God is the objective foundation on which my hopes rest, but faith provides a subjective foundation, for it convinces me of the certainty of them. Faith and confidence are inseparable: From what has just been said, the reader will perhaps perceive better the force of the rather peculiar word “substance” in the text of the A.
It comes from two Latin words, sub stans meaning “standing under. Faith furnishes my a.w.plnk with a sure support during the interval.
Faith believes God and relies upon His veracity: Real faith issues in a confident and standing expectation of future things. Faith gives a.w.oink soul an appropriating hold of them. The confident expectation which faith inspires, gives the objects of the Christian’s hope a present and actual being in his heart.
Faith does not look out with cold thoughts about things to come, but imparts life and reality to them. Faith does for us spiritually what fancy does for us naturally. s.w.pink
Hebrews Overview – A.W. Pink’s Commentary on John and Hebrews
There is a faculty of the understanding which enables us to picture to the mind’s eye things which are yet future. But faith does more: Faith is a grace which unites subject and object: Faith, then, is the bond of union between the soul and the things God has promised.
By believing we “receive” ; by believing in Christ, He becomes ours John 1: Therefore does faith enable the Christian hebrewd praise the Lord for future blessings as though he were already in the full possession of them. But how does faith bring to the heart a present subsistence of future things? First, by drawing from the promises that a.w.;ink, by Divine institution, is stored up in them: Second, by making the promises the food of the soul Jeremiah Third, by conveying an experience of their power, as unto all the ends of which they are purposed: Fourth, by communicating unto us the firstfruits of the a.wpink Ere passing on, let us pause for a word of application.
Hebresw profess to “believe,” but what influence have their hopes upon them? How are they affected by the things which their faith claims to have laid hold of?
I profess to believe that sin is a most heinous thing—do I fear, hate, shun it? I believe that ere long I shall stand before the judgment-seat of Christ—does my conduct evince that I am hebrewws in the light of that solemn day? I believe that the world is an empty bauble—do I despise its painted tinsel? I believe that God will supply all my need—am I fearful about the morrow? I believe that prayer is an essential means unto growth in grace—do I spend much time in the secret place?
I believe that Christ is coming back again—am I diligent hebrrws seeking to have my lamp trimmed and burning? Faith is evident by its fruits, works, effects. Faith is “the evidence of things not seen. V, with “test” in the margin is derived from a verb which signifies to convince, and that by demonstration. It was used by the Lord Jesus when He uttered that challenge, “which of you convicteth Me of sin? The noun occurs in only one other place, namely, 2 Timothy 3: Thus, the word “evidence” in our text denotes teat which furnishes proof, so that one is assured of the reality and certainty of things Divine.
To unbelievers the invisible, spiritual, and future things revealed in God’s Word seem dubious and unreal, for they have no medium to a.pink them: But the child of A.wpink sees “Him who is invisible” Hebrews Perhaps we might illustrate it thus: The former has only his unaided nebrews, the latter is using a telescope!
Now just as a powerful glass brings home to the eye an object beyond the range of natural vision, so faith gives reality to the a.wp.ink of things outside the range of our physical senses.
Faith sets Divine things before the soul in all the light and power of demonstration, and thus provides inward conviction of their existence.