constituted a Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP). . requested a committee of Dr. Y.V.N Krishna Murthy, Director, Indian Institute of. Gadgil, who headed the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel, said that the recommendations of Dr Kasturirangan is an old respected friend. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats, Discuss. Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan (born 24 October in Ernakulum, Kerala). Indian space.
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This post is longer than most of our previous articles but read till the end to get your basics right. Also, there are comments on a lighter note. Please note that this is not a research paper. It is the home of many endangered plants and animals. Wetsern Western Ghats acts as a huge water tank supplying water to six states. Now there are many leakages and there is a water shortage. All the rivers are kasturiranga dry now.
And wherever there is water, it is highly polluted. The Western Ghats needs high attention in the sustainability aspect of whole India and especially South India. Gadgil committee had eminent ecologists and their report too reflected that.
Gadgil Report and Kasturirangan Report on Western Ghats
Ministry of environment and forests kept the Gadgil report in safe custody for eight months with them. It was not available for public discussion as expected by Gadgil committee kadturirangan. People asked for a copy, but the ministry said it could not be given.
Then the matter is taken to the Delhi high court and only when the court passed an order, the ministry released the report! The court kasturiragan that all the reports should be put on websites. The problem was that most people had not read it.
Who bothers to read a page report, that too in English, uh! So, the mining lobby took advantage of this aspect and misled the people. They convinced the people against the report in their kasgurirangan.
Gadgil Committee – Wikipedia
The lobby told the people that the report was against farmers and they would have to kasturirahgan the area. People got really worried. And it is in this background that another committee was appointed to study Gadgil Report, review and suggest measures for implementation. Whenever we study environment, the evergreen topic of debate is between reoprt and development. It is tough to achieve a perfect balance. The same happened with both these reports. If Gadgil report laid too much importance to the environment, Kasturirangan report was biased towards development.
Kasturi Rangan report was criticized by many as that it provided loopholes for mining, which if allowed would turn detrimental to the environment, in long-term will affect development too. Kasturirangan report got westen tag as anti-environmental soon after its release. But this ghhats was tagged anti-development too by many who fear that their livelihood and interests will be affected. He prescribed that the existing sanctuaries and ESZ-1 would together cover 60 percent of this landscape.
The 25 percent lowest priority areas would be marked as ESZ-3 to allow all developmental activities with precautions.
The remaining 15 percent area would become ESZ For example, while no mining would be allowed within ESZ- 1, existing mines could continue in ESZ-2 with a moratorium on new licences. In ESZ-3, new mines could come up. The Kasturirangan panel, on the other hand, adopted the criteria followed by the Western Ghats Development Programme of the Planning Commission and identified talukas as its Western Ghats landscape, which worked out to 1,64, sq km.
He marked 37 percent of this stretch as ESA where hazardous industries, thermal plants or mines would not be allowed. Now, according to the Gadgil report, the ESZ-1 areas add up to approximately 77, sq km 60 percent of 1,29, sq km. That is a reduction of 17, sq km in the top priority segment. Western Ghats — Tehelka. Yes, Oommen V Oommen Committee: As people turned violent and started protests, Oommen Chandy, the then Chief Minister of Kerala set up an expert committee the chairman has same first name as CM, did you see that; though he made life of UPSC aspirants difficult by appointing another committee, he made things a little easy by selecting a chairman whose first name is same as his, so that UPSC aspirants can remember: To the notice of all future committees and commissions!
Though there are many who treat Kasturirangan report as a more practical report, the truth is that Gadgil report was not anti-farmer.
Both of them were different concepts under different laws—the first under forest department and the latter under the district administration and pollution control board. And remember that protests often are not due to love towards the environment, but often because of fear of eviction or loss of livelihood.
Centre issued an office order in November directing immediate implementation of five proposals in the Kasturirangan report.
This was the immediate provocation for the agitation. Later, the central government sought the opinion of the five states in implementing the report. Dialogues were still on and the government had asked the state governments to submit their views on the report. The reports were neither available in the public domain nor the opinion of states was asked.
So guess who intervened by this time? The Kasturirangan panel had submitted its report to the Ministry on April 15, Finally it was put in public domain and also disseminated to all stakeholders including the six Western Ghats states including Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu for feedback and comments.
Going with the recommendations of the high-level panel that was headed by Mr. With the central government deciding to implement the Kasturirangan Committee report on the Western Ghats, there were several protests in Kerala.
Even those who opposed the Gadgil Committee report now want it in place of the Kasturirangan Committee report. People now fear that due to illegal mining they would get evicted indirectly. The high-level panel had recommended that the hill tracts with high population densities be kept out of the ESA ambit.
The MoEF recently came out with the order, and according to directions under Section 5 of the Environment Protection Act,bars mining in ecologically fragile areas EFA not to be confused with ESAsetting up of thermal plants and restricts buildings to less than 20, sq ft in villages mentioned in the K.
Kasturirangan report of the state. As Kerala faces its worst floods in several decadesMadhav Gadgil, the author of a landmark report on the conservation of the Western Ghats created said that Kerala Floods are partly man-made. He said the scale of the disaster would have been smaller had the state government and local authorities followed environmental laws. This statement has again brought the debate — development vs environment — back into the mainstream.
As you all know, the need of the hour is sustainable development. Alex is the founder of ClearIAS. As one of the pioneers in online civil services exam coaching, his notes, strategies, guidance, and mock exams have been helping thousands of candidates clear various stages of UPSC Civil Services exam, every year.
Due to these confusions between these two reports provided here are really suffered by people like me who stays in these said ESA. The people who stays in those areas are directly feared of their livelihood. Population density of certain states are high. People have better living right than animals.
Gadgil and Kasturi should consider these facts. Even all species have same living rights like us so please coaprate to conserve our last bit of our breathing land rather than opposing it……. The reports were inadequate. Environmentalists want their domain to be predominant while politicians and industry voice diametrically opposite view. Ground realities are dismal and the hills are slowly becoming unlivable. In another decade or so, Western Ghats are going to be devoid of forests and water and that will deprive the entire population of their livelihood.
Since it is type of slow death, nobody will realise it. Not only by implementing the reports but also floods that they loss his lives.
Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Integrate Learning With Test-Taking! Comments Excellent comparison of these reports. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Contactus Work with us Advertise with us Contact Us.